Git man page
Released: Jan 24, View statistics for this project via Libraries. This repository contains a command for setup. The initial code was developed for CrunchyFrog, a database query tool for Gnome. There's even an old blog post about this command. Since some useful work has been done in python pull request , the code from the PR has been used here too with a belief that upstream merges this, some day.
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Home html info man. Hooks that don't have the executable bit set are ignored. Hooks can get their arguments via the environment, command-line arguments, and stdin. See the documentation for each hook below for details. When the rest of this document refers to "default hooks" it's talking about the default template shipped with Git.
The currently supported hooks are described below. It takes a single parameter, the name of the file that holds the proposed commit log message. Exiting with a non-zero status causes git am to abort before applying the patch. The hook is allowed to edit the message file in place, and can be used to normalize the message into some project standard format. It can also be used to refuse the commit after inspecting the message file.
The default applypatch-msg hook, when enabled, runs the commit-msg hook, if the latter is enabled. It takes no parameter, and is invoked after the patch is applied, but before a commit is made. If it exits with non-zero status, then the working tree will not be committed after applying the patch.
It can be used to inspect the current working tree and refuse to make a commit if it does not pass certain test. The default pre-applypatch hook, when enabled, runs the pre-commit hook, if the latter is enabled. It takes no parameter, and is invoked after the patch is applied and a commit is made.
This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect the outcome of git am. It takes no parameters, and is invoked before obtaining the proposed commit log message and making a commit. Exiting with a non-zero status from this script causes the git commit command to abort before creating a commit.
The default pre-commit hook, when enabled, catches introduction of lines with trailing whitespaces and aborts the commit when such a line is found. The default pre-commit hook, when enabled--and with the hooks.
It takes no parameters, and is invoked after the merge has been carried out successfully and before obtaining the proposed commit log message to make a commit. Exiting with a non-zero status from this script causes the git merge command to abort before creating a commit. The default pre-merge-commit hook, when enabled, runs the pre-commit hook, if the latter is enabled. If the merge cannot be carried out automatically, the conflicts need to be resolved and the result committed separately see git-merge 1.
At that point, this hook will not be executed, but the pre-commit hook will, if it is enabled. It takes one to three parameters. The first is the name of the file that contains the commit log message. The second is the source of the commit message, and can be: message if a -m or -F option was given ; template if a -t option was given or the configuration option commit. If the exit status is non-zero, git commit will abort. The purpose of the hook is to edit the message file in place, and it is not suppressed by the --no-verify option.
A non-zero exit means a failure of the hook and aborts the commit. It should not be used as replacement for pre-commit hook. The sample prepare-commit-msg hook that comes with Git removes the help message found in the commented portion of the commit template.
Exiting with a non-zero status causes the command to abort. The default commit-msg hook, when enabled, detects duplicate "Signed-off-by" lines, and aborts the commit if one is found. It takes no parameters, and is invoked after a commit is made. This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect the outcome of git commit. The hook may be called with one or two parameters. The first parameter is the upstream from which the series was forked.
The second parameter is the branch being rebased, and is not set when rebasing the current branch. This hook cannot affect the outcome of git switch or git checkout. It is also run after git-clone 1 , unless the --no-checkout -n option is used. The first parameter given to the hook is the null-ref, the second the ref of the new HEAD and the flag is always 1. Likewise for git worktree add unless --no-checkout is used. This hook can be used to perform repository validity checks, auto-display differences from the previous HEAD if different, or set working dir metadata properties.
The hook takes a single parameter, a status flag specifying whether or not the merge being done was a squash merge. This hook cannot affect the outcome of git merge and is not executed, if the merge failed due to conflicts. This hook can be used in conjunction with a corresponding pre-commit hook to save and restore any form of metadata associated with the working tree e.
The hook is called with two parameters which provide the name and location of the destination remote, if a named remote is not being used both values will be the same. If this hook exits with a non-zero status, git push will abort without pushing anything. Information about why the push is rejected may be sent to the user by writing to standard error. Just before starting to update refs on the remote repository, the pre-receive hook is invoked. Its exit status determines the success or failure of the update.
This hook executes once for the receive operation. If the hook exits with non-zero status, none of the refs will be updated. If the hook exits with zero, updating of individual refs can still be prevented by the update hook. Both standard output and standard error output are forwarded to git send-pack on the other end, so you can simply echo messages for the user.
If it is negotiated to not use the push options phase, the environment variables will not be set. See the section on "Quarantine Environment" in git-receive-pack 1 for some caveats. Just before updating the ref on the remote repository, the update hook is invoked. Its exit status determines the success or failure of the ref update. The hook executes once for each ref to be updated, and takes three parameters: o the name of the ref being updated, o the old object name stored in the ref, o and the new object name to be stored in the ref.
A zero exit from the update hook allows the ref to be updated. Exiting with a non-zero status prevents git receive-pack from updating that ref.
This hook can be used to prevent forced update on certain refs by making sure that the object name is a commit object that is a descendant of the commit object named by the old object name. That is, to enforce a "fast-forward only" policy. It could also be used to log the old.. However, it does not know the entire set of branches, so it would end up firing one e-mail per ref when used naively, though. The post-receive hook is more suited to that. In an environment that restricts the users' access only to git commands over the wire, this hook can be used to implement access control without relying on filesystem ownership and group membership.
See git- shell 1 for how you might use the login shell to restrict the user's access to only git commands. The default update hook, when enabled--and with hooks. It executes on the remote repository once after all the refs have been updated. It takes no arguments, but gets the same information as the pre-receive hook does on its standard input. This hook does not affect the outcome of git receive-pack , as it is called after the real work is done.
This supersedes the post-update hook in that it gets both old and new values of all the refs in addition to their names. It takes a variable number of parameters, each of which is the name of ref that was actually updated. This hook is meant primarily for notification, and cannot affect the outcome of git receive-pack.
The post-update hook can tell what are the heads that were pushed, but it does not know what their original and updated values are, so it is a poor place to do log old..
The post-receive hook does get both original and updated values of the refs. You might consider it instead if you need them. When enabled, the default post-update hook runs git update-server-info to keep the information used by dumb transports e.
If you are publishing a Git repository that is accessible via HTTP, you should probably enable this hook. Such a push by default is refused if the working tree and the index of the remote repository has any difference from the currently checked out commit; when both the working tree and the index match the current commit, they are updated to match the newly pushed tip of the branch.
This hook is to be used to override the default behaviour. The hook receives the commit with which the tip of the current branch is going to be updated.
It can exit with a non-zero status to refuse the push when it does so, it must not modify the index or the working tree. Or it can make any necessary changes to the working tree and to the index to bring them to the desired state when the tip of the current branch is updated to the new commit, and exit with a zero status.
It takes no parameter, and exiting with non-zero status from this script causes the git gc --auto to abort. Its first argument denotes the command it was invoked by: currently one of amend or rebase. Further command-dependent arguments may be passed in the future.
If it is empty, the preceding SP is also omitted. Currently, no commands pass any extra-info. The hook always runs after the automatic note copying see "notes. The following command-specific comments apply: rebase For the squash and fixup operation, all commits that were squashed are listed as being rewritten to the squashed commit. This means that there will be several lines sharing the same new-sha1.
The commits are guaranteed to be listed in the order that they were processed by rebase. It takes a single parameter, the name of the file that holds the e-mail to be sent.
git(1) - Linux man page
This manual is designed to be readable by someone with basic UNIX command-line skills, but no previous knowledge of Git. People needing to do actual development will also want to read Developing with Git and Sharing development with others. Comprehensive reference documentation is available through the man pages, or git-help command. With the latter, you can use the manual viewer of your choice; see git-help for more information.
Git is a fast, scalable, distributed revision control system with an unusually rich command set that provides both high-level operations and full access to internals. See gittutorial 7 to get started, then see giteveryday 7 for a useful minimum set of commands. After you mastered the basic concepts, you can come back to this page to learn what commands Git offers. You can learn more about individual Git commands with "git help command".
Unfortunately, I think it's a bad sign when random mambo-jumbo generated by a Markov chain script looks so much like the real stuff Markov chains help a lot in making the output look like the real stuff, that's kinda their purpose in this case. Heck, there have been automatically-generated conference papers that have been accepted and went through peer review although this might tell a lot about that process, too I would guess the same model applied to the J documentation would be equally unreadable for the uninitiated. If the source material was more readable and easier to grasp the automatically-generated versions would reflect that to some degree, until it's obvious that's nonsense. Silkebacon on Apr 10, The generator doesn't use markov chains, it's grammar-based similar to the Dada Engine which powers the postmodernism generator.
If the option --all or -a is given, all available commands are printed on the standard output. If the option --guide or -g is given, a list of the useful Git guides is also printed on the standard output. If a command, or a guide, is given, a manual page for that command or guide is brought up. The man program is used by default for this purpose, but this can be overridden by other options or configuration variables. Note that git --help
git(1) Manual Page
Git is a fast, scalable, distributed revision control system with an unusually rich command set that provides both high-level operations and full access to internals. See gittutorial to get started, then see giteveryday for a useful minimum set of commands. After you mastered the basic concepts, you can come back to this page to learn what commands Git offers.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Mustard - Ballin’ ft. Roddy Ricch
While that may seem paradoxical, it is useful when dealing with files larger than git can currently easily handle, whether due to limitations in memory, checksumming time, or disk space. Even without file content tracking, being able to manage files with git, move files around and delete files with versioned directory trees, and use branches and distributed clones, are all very handy reasons to use git. And annexed files can co-exist in the same git repository with regularly versioned files, which is convenient for maintaining documents, Makefiles, etc that are associated with annexed files but that benefit from full revision control. When a file is annexed, its content is moved into a key-value store, and a symlink is made that points to the content. These symlinks are checked into git and versioned like regular files.
If a command, or a guide, is given, a manual page for that command or guide is brought up. The man program is used by default for this purpose, but this can be overridden by other options or configuration variables. To display the git 1 man page, use git help git. Prints all the available commands on the standard output. This option overrides any given command or guide name. Prints a list of useful guides on the standard output.
See gittutorial 7 to get started, then see giteveryday 7 for a useful minimum set of commands. After you mastered the basic concepts, you can come back to this page to learn what commands Git offers. You can learn more about individual Git commands with "git help command". Other options are available to control how the manual page is displayed. See git-help 1 for more information, because git --help